Today I have a doozy of a tutorial for you. I’m going to show you how to make lined, pinch pleated draperies with three coordinating fabrics. But these aren’t just any lined draperies…these are draperies made the way a professional drapery workroom would make them. I don’t think I’ve ever seen a step-by-step tutorial for this method on any other blog, so perhaps I’m the first to share this info! 🙂
Now I know you’re probably thinking, “Kristi, what qualifies you to share the “professional” way to make lined draperies?”
Well, seven years ago when Matt and I moved to Texas, I decided that I wanted to open my own soft furnishings workroom…one of those places that makes all of the window treatments, pillows, upholstered headboards, and any other fabric creations for interior designers. So I took a rather extensive training course to become a Certified Workroom Professional.
Are you sufficiently impressed? 😀
Well don’t be. I was actually a Workroom Professional training course dropout. I didn’t finish the course, I didn’t become “certified”, and I never opened that soft furnishings workroom, because I decided that making the things that other designers envisioned wasn’t really what I had in mind. I wanted to be the visionary…the designer…the one who created the overall plan for the room and decided what needed to go in it.
But one thing I did learn from that course was the proper way to make lined draperies.
Note that you can use this tutorial to make simple lined, pinch-pleated draperies with one fabric. You can just skip past all of the first steps showing how to piece together the three fabrics for the panel, and skip right to Part 2: Hem The Drapery Panel Fabric.
So are you ready to get started? Let me apologize up front for the quality of these photos. I worked at my mom’s house, and forgot my camera, so these are awful iPhone pics. But I think you can still tell what’s going on in them.
Part 1: Piece Together The Fabrics For The Drapery Panel
First, you need to cut your fabrics. I was making drapery panels with a finished length of 89 inches (my standard for a room with an 8-foot ceiling), and a four-inch contrasting band on the inner edge of the panel, and the bottom edge of the panel.
Here’s what I cut for one drapery panel:
- One piece of the main (cream) fabric that was 71 inches long,
- One width of contrasting fabric (stripe) that was 13 inches long,
- Two widths of contrasting fabric (stripe) that were seven inches long, sewn together end to end,
- One piece of contrasting fabric (floral) that was one full repeat of the design (about 24 inches). If you’re using a printed fabric, be sure to cut full repeats of the design so that all of your drapery panels will be identical.
When you piece together the two widths of fabric for the side edge, be sure to sew them together so that the pattern matches and the seam is in an inconspicuous place. Be sure to iron the seam very well, on the front and the back, so that the seam disappears as much as possible.
Now pin together the top contrasting fabric (floral) to the main fabric (cream). Pin the top of the main fabric to the bottom of the contrasting fabric with the right sides of the fabric together.
Now sew these fabrics together with a standard 5/8″ seam, and iron the seam. I always iron my seams with the fabrics open, as shown below. Be sure to always iron on the back and the front for a perfectly flat seam.
Now starting on the top corner, pin the side contrasting fabric (stripe) to the side edge of the panel. Pin all the way down and then sew with a 5/8″ seam, and then iron the seam. You should have extra striped fabric extending past the bottom corner of the panel. Do not cut this off yet!
Next you will pin the bottom contrasting fabric (stripe) to the bottom of the main fabric, with right sides together. The corner, where the striped fabrics meet, will be tricky, as they need to be mitered. I wish I had some helpful advice on how to do this, but I don’t. I just worked and worked with the fabric, pinning, folding, repinning, refolding, etc., until I got the patterns to meet. Then I pinned and ironed in the mitered corner, sewed the contrast fabric to the main fabric, and then top stitched the mitered corner as close to the fold as possible so that the thread wouldn’t be too visible.
With everything pieced together for the front, this is what it looked like…
After piecing everything together, the fabrics on the outside edge of the panel were all uneven, so you’ll notice in the picture above that I trimmed off the uneven edges so that the edge was perfectly straight and even.
Part 2: Hem The Drapery Panel Fabric
When I first started making draperies, it always seemed strange that the hem was the first step. But trust me on this. It is. 🙂
So on the bottom edge of the panel that you just sewed together, working with the front side of the fabric facing down on your work surface, turn the fabric up 4 inches, and pin and iron the fabric.
Now turn the fabric up another four inches, and pin the hem in place along the top edge as shown. Again, be sure to iron the hem in place.
Now use the blind hem setting on your sewing machine to stitch the hem in place.
I won’t go into the details of how to do a blind hem stitch, but here’s what the setting looks like on my older workhorse of a machine.
If you don’t know how to use the blind hem setting on your sewing machine, stop now, get out your owners manual, and learn. It is absolutely imperative that you learn this stitch in order to make professional-quality draperies. You’ll not only use it on the hem, but you’ll also use it later to sew together the fabric panel and the lining.
So seriously…even if you’re like me and you hate reading owners manuals, this is one time that you need to make an exception. Go find your owners manual and learn how to do a blind hem stitch!!
Part 3: Iron the folds in the sides of the panel
With the hem finished, you can now turn your attention to the side edges of the fabric panel.
Again working with the front of the fabric face down on your work surface, turn the fabric 2.5 inches and pin and iron in place. Do this the fill length of the panel.
Now unpin and open the fold that you just iron in. Fold the raw edge of the fabric right to the crease that you just ironed in. Then fold again along the ironed-in crease. Pin and iron the fabric. Do this the entire length of the panel.
Now repeat the same process on the other side of the panel. Fold 2.5 inches, pin and iron. Unpin, refold, and pin and iron again.
With the folds ironed in on both sides of the panel, you can put the panel aside for a while. Now we’ll turn our attention to the lining.
Part 4: Hem the drapery lining
Cut a piece of drapery lining to the desired finished length of your drapery panel, plus about 12 inches. (I like to give myself some wiggle room rather than cutting it too close and coming out too short.)
I tend to prefer blackout lining, as it’s heavier, and I think it makes draperies look better. Sun streaming through your drapery fabric can not only fade the fabric, but can also distort the color of the fabric. I once made unlined curtains from a fabric with a small red plaid print, and when the sun streamed through the fabric, the fabric turned orange. It wasn’t pretty. Blackout fabric will keep the sunlight from distorting your fabric colors.
Working along the bottom edge of the drapery lining, with the front of the lining facing your work surface, turn the fabric up three inches, and then turn it up three inches again. Pin and iron into place.
Note: On blackout lining, the side that feels more like fabric is the right side. The side that feels more rubbery is the back side.
Now sew the hem into place. On the lining, I don’t bother with a blind hem. I just sew right on top of the fabric, as shown.
Part 5: Attach the lining to the fabric panel
Now you’re ready to attach the lining to the fabric panel.
Start by placing the fabric panel with the right side facing down. Be sure to spread it out so that there are no wrinkles (if possible).
Now starting on the bottom corner, unpin and unfold the side of the fabric panel. The fabric is folded twice. You only need to unfold the first fold. Measure three inches up from the bottom of the panel, and place the lining on the panel, with the right side facing up. Be sure that the raw edge of the lining is very close to the ironed-in crease in the fabric.
Now refold the edge of the fabric panel so that the raw edge of the lining is tucked under the fold. Do this the full length of the panel, and pin the fabrics together as you go.
Now spread the lining out flat across the fabric panel, and be sure to keep the bottom edge of the lining 3 inches from the bottom edge of the fabric panel. You can pin the bottom in place if you need to.
On the other edge of the lining, it will extend past the edge of the fabric panel. Just cut off any excess lining, but be sure to keep it as close to the edge of the fabric panel as possible without allowing it to extend past the edge. Trim off the excess lining the full length of the panel, and then tuck the raw edge of the lining under the side fold on the fabric panel, just like you did on the other side. Pin it in place the full length of the panel.
With the sides pinned, you’re now ready to measure and mark the finished length of your drapery panel. (I marked mine at 89 inches, which is the length I use for almost all windows in rooms with 8-foot ceilings.) Measured up from the bottom edge of the fabric panel and place a mark with a ballpoint pen. Measured and mark the length in at least four different places.
Then use a straight edge (I used a scrap piece of baseboard), and mark a straight line connecting your marks.
Next, cut only the lining along the line. Be sure that you don’t cut your fabric!! Then pin the lining to the fabric all along the top edge of the lining.
Now finish attaching the fabric panel to the lining by using a blind hem stitch along the length of both edges.
See? You really do need that blind hem stitch! The only other option would be to top stitch the fabrics together, and that’s not pretty at all. That’s what you get when you buy cheap ready-made drapery panels from a big box store, and it’s little details like this that set apart the cheap ready-made stuff from the professionally-made custom stuff.
Part 6: Finish the header and the pleats
Now that the sides are sewn together, you can finish the header and work on the pleats.
Start by placing crinoline (called “unwoven drapery header” at JoAnn Fabrics) along the top edge of the drapery lining, and pin in place.
Next, cut the fabric that extends past the lining to 6 inches. Fold the fabric over the crinoline, and tuck the extra two inches under the crinoline. Pin in place. Do this along the width of the top of the panel.
Now along the very top edge of the panel, use pins to mark where the pleats will go.
Here is what it will look like when you’ve marked all of the spacing. I try to keep the spaces as close to 4 inches as possible, but that number can vary depending on the width of the panel. The first and last space need to remain flat, and I generally try to have seven pleats per panel (for single-width drapery panels).
Now on the spaces that will be pleats, fold the fabric in half, with the front side of the panel facing out, so that the pins meet. Pin the fold together.
Now use your sewing machine to stitch parallel to the fold the entire length of the crinoline. Repeat this for each of space that is supposed to be a pleat.
When they’re all sewn, the top will look like this…
Now pinch the fabric close to the fold, and push down through the middle of the fabric. It’s much easier to do with with two hands, and not while taking photos. 🙂
That will create a fold on either side of the middle crease. Fold the other two folds up and pinch to crease the crinoline to create the pleat.
You can stitch the fabric towards the bottom of the pleat to create a traditional French pleat.
Or you can stitch at the top to create a Parisian pleat.
Just to do something different, I chose to stitch somewhere in the middle on these draperies.
Most sewing machines won’t power through this many layers of fabric and lining, so the pleats need to be stitched by hand. Double the thread, and pass the needle through all of the layers, close to the folds. Then pass the needle back through all of the layers, about 1/4″ over from the original stitch.
Now remove the needle, and tie a knot. Be sure the knot is pulling the folds tight. Then trim the excess thread. Repeat that process on the other pleats.
Part 7: The finishing touches
You’re so close to being done! Just a couple of finishing touches left.
Right now, the bottom corners of the panel are folded and ironed, but not sewn in place.
Start by unfolding the fabric like this…
Now fold the corner up at a 45-degree angle along the inside ironed-in crease.
Now refold the edge along the first ironed-in crease…
And then fold again along the inside ironed-in crease.
Pin, and sew in place by hand. Repeat this process on the other corner.
Now the ends of the drapery header need some finishing touches. Right now they’re just open like this…
Stitch both ends closed by hand, using a small inconspicuous stitch.
When it’s finished, it should look something like this…
And guess what?
Well, you’re done with THIS panel. You probably need to make one more, and then you’re ready to hang your draperies!
To hang the draperies, use drapery pins that look like this…
I purchase mine at Home Depot, but you can also get them at Lowe’s, Bed Bath & Beyond, and probably any other store that sells drapery hardware.
With the sharp, pointy part of the pin, place one pin behind each pleat, and one pin on each end of the panel. Be careful, because those things are sharp!
The hook-end of the pin will go through the eye screw on the drapery rings. I always use wood drapery rods and rings, and the rings always come with the clip-on things. Those clip-on things have no place on professionally-made drapery panels, so just take them off so that all you’re left with are the eye hooks.
The very outside pin on each panel does not hook to a drapery ring. That part is called the “return”, and it hooks to an eye hook that you will place either in the wall or attach to the drapery bracket. I’ve described that process more in detail here.
And with that, your draperies are done!
The draperies for this window were done using the same method, but each drapery panel is two widths of fabric instead of one. On really large windows, it’s best to use double widths of fabric so that the draperies look substantial enough for the window.
But for smaller windows, a single width of fabric is sufficient for each drapery panel.